in € millions

31 March 2019
 

 

31 March 2018
re-presented*

 

Constant
exchange
rates**

 

Actual
exchange
rates

Europe 4 118   3 019   +37%   +36%
Asia Pacific 5 243   4 352   +20%   +20%
Americas 2 551   1 806   +40%   +41%
Japan 1 148   980   +16%   +17%
Middle East and Africa 929   856   +8%   +9%
  13 989   11 013   +27%   +27%
 

* Prior year comparatives have been re-presented to include royalty income received within total sales

** Movements at constant exchange rates are calculated by translating underlying sales in local currencies into euros in both the current year and the comparative year at the average exchange rates applicable for the financial year ended 31 March 2018.